History of beer in USA
Although there was a small brewing industry already in the 17th century—the first American brewery opened in what is now Manhattan in 1612—, the real expansion of brewing in the US started in the 19th century, when the number of breweries increased from 132 in 1810 to 4,131 in 1873. But this expansion was halted due to prohibition years—in 1919, the 18th Amendment enforced National Prohibition, that endured until 1933, when the 21st Amendment repealed the 18th. Just a year after the end of the Prohibition, there were already 756 breweries making beer but there were soon bought out by bigger industrial breweries. This trend continued until in 1983 there were just 80 breweries in the US. But at the same time, something was already moving and the American Craft Beer movement was making its first steps. In 1965, Anchor Brewing was founded and in 1972 they released the first American Porter released in the US since before the Prohibition. This very same year, Cascade hops are made available, being one of the most characteristic ingredients since Sierra Nevada released its pale ale, giving birth to the American Pale Ale style. Since them, the number of craft brewer have been constantly increasing, reaching 5,000 in 2016, with top breweries like Toppling Goliath, Russian River, Bell's, AleSmith, Three Floyds, Bristol Brewing Company or Surly Brewing.